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YOUTUBE VIDEO BASICS in 10 MINUTES

 If you're new to creating videos. It can be a huge undertaking knowing all the settings and the things that surround getting the best picture possible and in this video. I want to make it super simple and easy to understand in this video basics guide all in under 10 minutes. So let's go you got to just press record hey what's up. It's Omar tory with think media helping you build your influence with online video and on this channel. Sometimes we do techy reviews other times we do tutorials just like this one so if you're new here consider subscribing. I wanted to contextualize kind of the way I was thinking through how I was coming up with the way. I was going to teach this and contextually this is for people that essentially are you know getting into video in shooting themselves and creating youtube videos. But if this isn't your you know videographer's uh guide to better video even though you will learn a lot but that's just who I'm thinking about the content creator the sole creator the person


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 Who is filming themselves using their smartphone or they are uh you know camera but let's get into the first thing which is frame rate now frame rate or frames per second is essential to make it super plain without getting too technical. When it comes to this video frames per second means just that it means the number of frames taken inside of every second of video and. So traditionally speaking you're going to really encounter I would say for most people you're going to encounter three different frame rates right. So the first is going to be 24 frames per second that are 24 images that are taken every second to create your video the next is going to be 30 frames per second otherwise. Sometimes you know it's like 29.97 but let's just say 30 frames per second and then the next one is going to be 60 frames per second. Now all three of these actually uh create a specific look at the videos I create here at think media. I typically shoot at 30 frames per second and so. If you just don't even want to think about anything choose 30 frames per second on whatever camera you're using even your smartphone you could select 30 frames per second I know on my iPhone 4k 30 is an option but I like shooting at 30 frames per second. Now I just want to quickly say that each and every frame rate has a specific look and uh the reason why I bring this up first is that you want to decide this frame rate before you shoot your video and before you edit. Because everything from this point on is now going to stay consistent I'm going to hoot in 30 frames per second I'm gonna edit 30 frames per second video project and I'm going to export 30 frames per second video and that's how you get smooth motion throughout your entire process and so that goes to say. I can't show you what 60 frames looks like when I've output 30 frames per second video and you know same for 24 frames I can't show you what 24 frames look like.

If you want to see the difference between how each and every single one looks down in the description I'll put some unlisted videos that are purely 24 30 and 60 and I'll even throw 120 frames per second just. So you can see the difference between it all based off of what your camera shoots and what you decide to select but when it's all said and done I would encourage you just shoot at 30 frames per second a lot of people. Who shoot 24 frames it's usually for like creative videos short films uh kind of like promos and things like that I wouldn't recommend it necessarily for talking head youtube videos um or maybe even vlogs. Because vlogs aren't like cinematic but that's just an opinion I say select 30 because the next thing it's going to make it a lot easier and that is shutter speed now shutter speed is the fraction you see at the bottom of your camera and usually, there's a one a slash and then a specific number and. So uh it could be one-sixtieth and if you scroll or you know to change your shutter speed you're gonna change that bottom denominator denomination denominator uh it's been.

 So long since I went to school not his fault he can't read anyway that denominator will change. So with shutter speed, you want to follow a rule and never forget this rule it's called the double shutter rule simply put you're going to double your frame rate to achieve your shutter speed number. So that denominator if I'm shooting at 30 frames per second then my shutter speed should be at 1 60 of a second and the reason why I do like how simple that is because that's literally double of 30. 30 times 2 is 60. [Applause] once you dial in your frame rate. Which if you just want to listen to me 30 frames per second then our shutter speed is going to be 160 of a second and now essentially you never have to touch that ever again. If you shoot regular youtube videos like this or just real-time video 30 frames per second 60th 160th of a shutter and now the next thing. I want to talk about is aperture is the group of numbers you see that usually has a decimal type of number so maybe it's 3.5 or 5.6 if you have what is called a fast lens it allows you to get even lower numbers so if you want to do like 1.8 or 2.8 you can do that if your lens allows you currently my aperture right now is actually 2.2 and. So I'm able to get this blurry background and. If you care about whatever gear I'm using you can check out down in the description below especially want to achieve a very similar look but I'm using a lens that allows me to go as low as 1.4 but I think. Because of exposure and trying to get the lighting right 2.2 works really well and I don't need it to be all that blurry because I kind of want you to see the vibes going on in the back and just.

 So you know it's the lens that gives you the look of your video the resolution is you know 4k or 1080 but when it comes to the look you can have a blurry background with a 720p file because your aperture was low. So don't always think that it's the camera's resolution that's going to create the look you want it's usually going to be the type of lens now what's. So cool about the video that you know I always want to make it super streamline and simple to communicate is that you never have to adjust everything I just mentioned and that's the case. If you don't plan on doing anything more than just real-time video now if you do want to learn how to get smooth slow motion we have a video that uh you can bookmark. It'll put on the youtube card and in the description below make sure you check that video out for your traditional beginner youtube kind of setup you don't want to mess with any of those things and then now the next thing I want to bring up is iso I think iso is the easiest to explain. Because it doesn't really do anything other than either brighten your shot or darken your shot. So if your shot is fairly dark and maybe your settings are what you know I've talked about up to this point then increasing your iso will help brighten the shot and then if it's too bright maybe bringing it down will solve that issue. Now let's just say hypothetically speaking your iso is as low as possible your aperture is as low as possible you followed your shutter speed rule and everything like that and yet it's still too bright. I would encourage you to either maybe adjust your lighting your ligh might be a little bit too bright or at this point, I would encourage you to increase your aperture don't start cranking up your shutter speed up to compensate for the brightness of the shot bring up your aperture to compensate for the brightness of the shot and or you can look into getting. What is called an nd filter or a neutral density filter essentially put it is sunglasses for your lens but I would say you wouldn't necessarily have to do that just turn up your aperture.

 If your iso is as low as possible and yet it still looks too bright now the next thing I want to talk about is white balance and you know many times cameras come and that's the letters you see AWB. Which stands for auto white balance and uh although you could just leave your white balance at that setting I don't think it's ideal if you have locked in all the other stuff might as well lock in your white balance and. So simply put white balance is telling your camera what is white and there are so many ways to actually dial in your white balance we have a video on how to do that um you can just match the temperature of light that you are lighting yourself with uh with the temperature in your camera. But we go a little bit deeper because there are so many ways you can set custom white balance and things like that. Just make sure you check out the uh description below for that video. But you want to dial in your white balance and for me right now I have a light that is set to 5000 kelvin and then I have set my white balance in the camera to 5000 kelvin and now it matches. I have this daylight colored temperature and it all matches super good and this is the color of my skin this is what white looks like. If this blue light wasn't on but that's white you know right there now the last thing I want you to know about is focus mode and focus area all this falls under the title of focus. But it's important to know that two things work together to get the best autofocus as much as possible and that is focus mode and focus area. Just to make it super simple focus mode is the type of focus that's being used you know you can have manual focus you can have continuous focus canon would call their type of continuous focus servo but all that to say you want to know your focus modes and typically speaking. You know most cameras now have great you know face tracking you want it to be on continuous or servo and make sure that all that's enabled now the next thing is the focus area. Which essentially is telling the camera how far you want them to be able to follow. So if my face is way over here I want it to still have my face in focus and no matter where my face is then that's because my focus area is wide it's the entire plane of what the camera can capture and. So you want to know those two things when it comes to focusing make sure you're on continuous or servo autofocus as well as your focus area being wide. So you're not missing your face or anything like that when it comes to canon just you know they have face tracking and there's tap on a servo. When it comes to sony's you can have your focus mode to continuous and then has your focus area too wide.

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